Dental implant is a boon to dentistry, as they offer a strong and reliable replacement for missing natural teeth. They are composed of a metal implant stud, usually made from titanium, and a ceramic crown made from dental-grade porcelain to replace the visible tooth. Dentists from all over the world consider dental implants as the best replacement for missing teeth, owing to the various benefits they offer.
What are the types of dental implant?
Endosteal implants: They are the most commonly preferred type of implants and are most suitable to restore single missing teeth. They are composed of a metal implant stud, which has grooves on its surface and is combined with a ceramic crown. The grooves on the implant stud help to hold the prosthetic tooth stably in place. Such implants are suitable for patients with enough jawbone volume to prevent the implant from slipping off or breaking.
Subperiosteal implants: Losing a natural tooth could result in shrinkage or deterioration of the jawbone. This can reduce the jawbone volume, thereby denying your candidacy for endosteal implants. In such instances, we can suggest subperiosteal implants. They are placed under the gums, but not inserted into the jawbone. Instead, they are held in place with the help of a metal framework, which provides the necessary stability.
How are implants classified based on application?
Conventional implants: They are used for single tooth replacement. The dentist will conduct a thorough diagnosis to determine the candidacy. Factors such as jawbone health, size, spacing available for placing the implant, gum diseases, overall state of health, etc. are some of the factors looked into.
Immediate load implants: Dental implants usually require a few months healing period to fuse with the jawbone. This helps to form a strong bond between the implant stud and the jawbone. Only then will the ceramic crown be bonded to the implant. But, if you wish to get the crown placed on the very day of the implantation surgery, the dentist will suggest immediate load implants.
Mini implants: Implants can be combined with other restorations, such as dental bridges or dentures, to replace multiple teeth. In such cases, there wouldn’t be a need for a regular-sized implant stud. Mini implants are used for this purpose, as they are just as wide as the head of a toothpick.